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James H. Klipfel Memorial Nature Sanctuary at Brockway Mountain

Mohawk, Keweenaw County

Hiking Trails | Snowshoeing Trails

Klipfel Memorial is located on the wind-swept bluff of Brockway Mountain, a popular spot for tourists and sanctuary visitors alike. The drive along the mountain ridge top is often proclaimed to have the most outstanding scenery and provide the most dramatic in Michigan. A short 0.75 mile loop trail offers a breathtaking view of Lake Superior.

Tourists and botanists alike enjoy plants both common and unusual in Michigan. The thin soils, grueling winds, and inhospitable climate of the tip of the Keweenaw cause the vegetation to be dwarfed. This results in the semi-alpine habitat being home to a unique assemblage of grasses, sedges, creeping ground covers and small shrubs, with flowers that flourish in full sunlight. The purple cliff-brake fern (Pallaea atropurpurea) is a plant in Michigan that thrives in the dry, sunny, alkaline conditions provided by the exposed calcite-bearing conglomerate rock on Brockway Mountain.

The outlook also provides an extraordinary opportunity to bird watch during their spring migration. Tens of thousands of hawks, eagles, vultures, falcons and other soaring birds funnel north onto narrowing landmasses, including the Keweenaw Peninsula. Updrafts occur on Brockway Mountain along the south-facing cliff when winds are from the southwest, southeast and south, which raptors use to soar. It is of interest that although large numbers of raptors fly to the tip of the Keweenaw, few actually cross Lake Superior at this point.



Contact info

James H. Klipfel Memorial Nature Sanctuary at Brockway Mountain, Brockway Mountain Dr, Mohawk, MI 49950, USA


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